What is a juz of the Quran?:
What chapter(s) and verses are included in Juz 18?:
When were the verses of this juz revealed?:
- "On no soul do We place a burden greater than it can bear. Before Us is a record which clearly shows the truth; they will never be wronged." (23:62)
- "Repel evil with that which is best. We are well acquainted with the things they say." (23:96)
- "Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His light is as if there were a niche and within it a lamp; the lamp enclosed in glass; the glass as it were a brilliant star; lit from a blessed tree -- an olive, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil is well-nigh luminous, though no fire touched it. Light upon Light! Allah guides whom He will to His Light; and Allah sets forth parables for men; and Allah doth know all things." (24:35)
What is the main theme of this juz?:
The chapter starts out by describing a Muslim believer: one who is humble in prayer, gives in charity, fulfills promises made, and other worthy qualities. The verses then remind the believer of the glory of Allah's creation, the promise of reward in the Hereafter, and the pending punishment for those who disbelieve. Readers learn a bit about the lives and messages of the Prophets Noah (Nuh), Moses (Musa), and Aaron (Harun).
The latter part of this section (Surah An-Nur) has a different focus, as it was revealed at a later time. After the migration to Makkah, the Muslims were engaged in a series of battles with the polytheists of Makkah. When the Makkans found themselves unsuccessful on the battlefield, they began a series of psychological attacks, using slander in an attempt to weaken the unity of the Muslim community. In this particular case, a rumor was spread that Aisha, the wife of the Prophet Muhammad, had committed an indiscretion while traveling.
This chapter contains verses which outline the criminal code for fornication, adultery, accusations of adultery without proof, and slander. There are also guidelines for both men and women regarding personal modesty.
A general rule was established that relations among Muslims should be based on good faith, not suspicion and spying. Norms of personal privacy were established, while encouraging good relationships among relatives, friends and neighbors. These guidelines helped to reunite the community, establish clear limits, yet in a spirit of mutual affection and sincerity.
The section ends with additional reminders about the "signs" of Allah's creation, the miracles in everyday life, which should strengthen our faith.