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Prayer (Salat)

Muslims pray at least five times a day. Learn all about prayer in Islam - how to do it, when and why. Includes detailed information on how to perform the daily prayers.
  1. Mosques

Sunnah Prayers
Beyond the five daily required prayers, Muslims often engage in optional prayers before or after the regular prayers. These are known as "sunnah prayers."

Islamic Prayer
All you need to know about how Muslims pray - the intentions, the words and actions, and the timings of Islamic prayer.

Perform the Muslim Prayers
How to perform the daily Muslim prayers, including the words and movements.

Islamic Prayer Beads: Subha
Description of Islamic prayer beads ("subha"), including how they are designed and used by Muslims.

Daily Prayer Timings
Muslims observe five formal prayers each day. At what time do daily prayers occur? Here is an overview.

Why do Islamic prayer times change from day to day?
Islam FAQ: Why do Islamic prayer times change from day to day?

Find Prayer Times Around the World
Find the Muslim prayer times for your area, simply by choosing your location from this tool. Over 5 million cities covered!

Can missed prayers be performed at a later time?
Muslims pray five formal prayers daily. What is one to do if a prayer is missed due to lack of time or place to pray? Can the prayers be made up at a later time, or does it automatically count as a sin that cannot be rectified?

Learn How to Pray - Multimedia Programs
Learn how to perform the Islamic daily prayers using internet video and multimedia.

Islam - Prayer Rugs
Islamic prayer rugs are used to ensure that the area used for prayer is clean. The rugs often have embroidered designs and come in standard sizes, but are not required to be used.

Qiblah
What is the "qiblah" and what role does it have in Islamic prayer and worship?

How To Make Wud'u
Before praying, a Muslim must be in a state of ritual purity. Here are step-by-step instructions on how to perform ablutions (wud'u).

Online Qiblah Finder
The Qiblah determines the direction of the daily Muslim prayers, the position towards which a Muslim should stand during prayer. Muslims always face Mecca, Saudi Arabia during prayer. When traveling, use these online Qiblah finders to determine the direction of Mecca from your location.

What is the Adhan?
A glossary definition of the adhan (call to prayer).

Meaning of the Adhan
What do the words of the adhan mean in English?

Listen to the Adhan on Your Computer
In Muslim countries, the adhan (call to prayer) rings out over the land for each of the five daily prayers. In areas where the adhan cannot be heard, these computer programs will call the adhan for you in your home.

Iqamah
Meaning of the Arabic word “iqamah” as it relates to Islamic prayer

Du'a -- Personal Supplications
Aside from the daily prayers, Muslims are encouraged to call upon Allah for forgiveness, guidance, and strength throughout the day. Muslims can make these personal supplications or prayers (du'a) in their own words, in any language, but there are also recommended examples from the Qur'an and Sunnah.

Books of Du'a (Islamic Supplications/Prayers)
These books help guide the Muslim in du'a, offering sample prayers in both Arabic and English.

Patience, Perseverance, and Prayer
Allah reminds us that all people will be tried and tested in life, and calls upon Muslims to bear these trials with "patience, perseverance, and prayer."

Humility in Islam
Muslims constantly strive to remember and practice Islamic virtues, and put them into practice throughout their daily lives. Among these great Islamic virtues are submission to Allah, self-restraint, discipline, sacrifice, patience, brotherhood, generosity, and humility. During prayer in particular, Muslims humble themselves before God.

Prayers for Travel
What do Muslims say as a du'a (prayer) for travel, when taking a trip?

Salat-l-Istikhara
Information about salat-l-istikhara, the Islamic prayer to help in decision-making. This prayer should be done whenever a Muslim faces an important decision and needs guidance.

Solar/Lunar Eclipse Prayers
At a time of a solar or lunar eclipse, there is a recommended prayer (salatul-kusuf) that is performed by the Muslim community in congregation.

Ending Islamic Prayers With "Ameen"
Why do people end prayers with "Amen"? What is the origin and meaning of this practice among Jews, Christians, and Muslims?

Prayers for Forgiveness
What do Muslims say as a du'a (prayer) to ask forgiveness from God?

Prayers for Forgiveness
What do Muslims say as a du'a (prayer) to ask forgiveness from God?

Prayers of Thanks
What do Muslims say as a du'a (prayer) to give thanks to God?

Prayers During Meals
What do Muslims say as a du'a (prayer) before and after eating a meal?

Imam
What is the meaning and role of the imam in Islam? The imam leads Islamic worship services, but may also take on a larger role in providing community support and spiritual advice.

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