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Weddings in Afghanistan


The Bride:

The bride, her female family members, and her friends first enjoy a “henna party” the day before the wedding. The groom’s family provides the henna, which is carried by singing children from the groom’s house to the bride’s house. The groom makes a brief appearance, but this is primarily an all-girls party.

On the day of the wedding, the bride visits the salon with her female family members. The bride’s relatives and friends then sit with her at her father’s home, waiting for the arrival of the groom’s procession.

The Groom:

On the day of the wedding, an even larger party is taking place at the family home of the groom. Male relatives and friends are invited to lunch, while musicians play tambourines outside. The groom’s family members host the guests, serving tea and juice as they arrive. After the afternoon (‘asr) prayer, the procession begins.

The Procession:

The groom is seated on a horse decorated with embroidered cloth. All of the groom’s family members proceed to the home of the bride. The groom’s younger family members and friends follow along with the musicians, singing and playing tambourines during the journey.

The Celebration:

When all have arrived, the men listen to a short sermon about marriage before escorting the groom into the bride’s home. The bride and groom sit together on a decorated sofa, and the party begins. People listen to music, drink fresh juices, and traditional desserts. A wedding cake is cut and tasted by the couple first, and then distributed to guests. Towards the end of the party, a traditional Afghan dance is performed.

Special Traditions:

As the bride and groom sit on the decorated sofa, they participate in a special tradition called “mirror and Qur’an.” They are covered with a single shawl, and given a mirror which is wrapped in cloth. A Qur’an is placed on the table in front of them. In privacy under the shawl, they then unwrap the mirror and look at their reflection for the first time, together as a married couple. They each then take turns reading verses from the Qur’an.

After the Wedding:

A smaller procession is made to bring the bride and groom to their new home at the end of the wedding party. An animal (sheep or goat) is sacrificed upon the bride’s arrival. As she steps in, the bride hammers a nail into the doorway which symbolizes the strength of their new marriage. Another special ceremony takes place a few days later, when a few close friends and relatives bring housewarming gifts to the new bride.
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