In the Qur'an, the marriage relationship is described as one with "tranquility," "love" and "mercy." Elsewhere in the Qur'an, husband and wife are described as "garments" for each other (2:187). Garments offer protection, comfort, modesty, and warmth. Above all, the Qur'an describes that the best garment is the "garment of God-consciousness" (7:26).
Muslims view marriage as the foundation of society and family life. In a practical aspect, Islamic marriage is thus structured through legally-enforceable rights and duties of both parties. In an atmosphere of love and respect, these rights and duties provide a framework for the balance of family life and the fulfillment of both partners.
- To be treated with honor, kindness, and patience.
- To enjoy intimate relations with each other.
- To have children, by God's will.
- To keep one's legal and personal identity after marriage, retaining one's own family name, inheritance rights, property, mahr, etc.
- To be faithful to the marriage bond.
- To strive to be attractive to one's spouse.
- To assist and support one another, and to resolve disputes amicably.
- The husband has the duty to provide all physical maintenance of the family (housing, clothing, food, medical care, etc.).