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Steps of Hajj, the Islamic Pilgrimage to Mecca

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Day 2 of the Pilgrimage (9th of Dhul-Hijjah)
Pilgrims gather near the Mount of Mercy

Pilgrims gather near the Mount of Mercy on the Day of Arafat, during the annual Hajj

S. M. Amin/Saudi Aramco World/PADIA
On the second day of the pilgrimage, the pilgrims leave Mina just after dawn to travel to the Plain of Arafat for the culminating experience of the Hajj. On what is known as the "Day of Arafat,” the pilgrims spend the entire day standing (or sitting) near the Mount of Mercy, asking Allah for forgiveness and making supplications. Muslims around the world who are not at the pilgrimage join them in spirit by fasting for the day.

After sunset on the Day of Arafat, the pilgrims leave and travel to a nearby open plain called Muzdalifah, roughly halfway between Arafat and Mina. There they spend the night praying, and collecting small stone pebbles to be used the following day.

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